Computational Fracture Modeling and Design of Encapsulation-Based Self-Healing Concrete Using XFEM and Cohesive Surface Technique

  • Encapsulation-based self-healing concrete (SHC) is the most promising technique for providing a self-healing mechanism to concrete. This is due to its capacity to heal fractures effectively without human interventions, extending the operational life and lowering maintenance costs. The healing mechanism is created by embedding capsules containing the healing agent inside the concrete. The healingEncapsulation-based self-healing concrete (SHC) is the most promising technique for providing a self-healing mechanism to concrete. This is due to its capacity to heal fractures effectively without human interventions, extending the operational life and lowering maintenance costs. The healing mechanism is created by embedding capsules containing the healing agent inside the concrete. The healing agent will be released once the capsules are fractured and the healing occurs in the vicinity of the damaged part. The healing efficiency of the SHC is still not clear and depends on several factors; in the case of microcapsules SHC the fracture of microcapsules is the most important aspect to release the healing agents and hence heal the cracks. This study contributes to verifying the healing efficiency of SHC and the fracture mechanism of the microcapsules. Extended finite element method (XFEM) is a flexible, and powerful discrete crack method that allows crack propagation without the requirement for re-meshing and has been shown high accuracy for modeling fracture in concrete. In this thesis, a computational fracture modeling approach of Encapsulation-based SHC is proposed based on the XFEM and cohesive surface technique (CS) to study the healing efficiency and the potential of fracture and debonding of the microcapsules or the solidified healing agents from the concrete matrix as well. The concrete matrix and a microcapsule shell both are modeled by the XFEM and combined together by CS. The effects of the healed-crack length, the interfacial fracture properties, and microcapsule size on the load carrying capability and fracture pattern of the SHC have been studied. The obtained results are compared to those obtained from the zero thickness cohesive element approach to demonstrate the significant accuracy and the validity of the proposed simulation. The present fracture simulation is developed to study the influence of the capsular clustering on the fracture mechanism by varying the contact surface area of the CS between the microcapsule shell and the concrete matrix. The proposed fracture simulation is expanded to 3D simulations to validate the 2D computational simulations and to estimate the accuracy difference ratio between 2D and 3D simulations. In addition, a proposed design method is developed to design the size of the microcapsules consideration of a sufficient volume of healing agent to heal the expected crack width. This method is based on the configuration of the unit cell (UC), Representative Volume Element (RVE), Periodic Boundary Conditions (PBC), and associated them to the volume fraction (Vf) and the crack width as variables. The proposed microcapsule design is verified through computational fracture simulations.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Document Type:Doctoral Thesis
Author:M.Sc. John Hanna
DOI (Cite-Link):https://doi.org/10.25643/bauhaus-universitaet.4746Cite-Link
URN (Cite-Link):https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:gbv:wim2-20221124-47467Cite-Link
Referee:Prof. Dr.-Ing. habil. Carsten KönkeORCiDGND, Prof. dr hab. inż. Mieczysław KuczmaORCiD, Prof. dr. ir. Magd Abdel WahabORCiDGND
Advisor:Prof. Dr.-Ing. Timon RabczukORCiDGND
Language:English
Date of Publication (online):2022/11/24
Year of first Publication:2022
Date of final exam:2022/11/10
Release Date:2022/11/24
Publishing Institution:Bauhaus-Universität Weimar
Granting Institution:Bauhaus-Universität Weimar, Fakultät Bauingenieurwesen
Institutes and partner institutions:Fakultät Bauingenieurwesen / Institut für Strukturmechanik
Pagenumber:125
Tag:Computermodellierung des Bruchverhaltens; Entwurf von Mikrokapseln; Erweiterte Finite-Elemente-Methode; Kapselclustern; Kohäsionsflächenverfahren; Selbstheilendem Beton
Capsular clustering; Design of microcapsules; Cohesive surface technique; Computational fracture modeling; Self-healing concrete; XFEM
GND Keyword:Beton; Bruchverhalten; Finite-Elemente-Methode; Mikrokapsel
Dewey Decimal Classification:600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 620 Ingenieurwissenschaften
BKL-Classification:56 Bauwesen / 56.59 Bauingenieurwesen, Bautechnik: Sonstiges
Licence (German):License Logo Creative Commons 4.0 - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell (CC BY-NC 4.0)