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Discrete-continual Finite Element Method of Analysis for Three-dimensional Curvilinear Structures
(2003)

This paper is devoted to discrete-continual finite element method (DCFEM) of analysis for three-dimensional curvilinear structures. Operational and variational formulations of the problem in the ring coordinate system are presented. The discrete-continual design model for structures with constant physical and geometrical parameters in longitudinal direction is offered on the basis of so-called curvilinear discrete-continual finite elements. Element coordinate system, approximation of nodal unknowns, construction of element nodal load vector are under consideration. Element system of differential equations is formulated with use of special generalized block-structured stiffness matrix of discrete-continual finite element. Local differential relations are formulated. Resultant multipoint boundary problem for system of ordinary differential equations is given. Method of analytical solution of multipoint boundary problems in structural analysis is offered as well. Its major peculiarities include universality, computer-oriented algorithm involving theory of distributions, computational stability, optimal conditionality of resultant systems, partial Jordan decomposition of matrix of coefficients, eliminating necessity of calculation of root vectors. Brief information concerning developed software is provided.

The aim of this paper is to present so-called discrete-continual boundary element method (DCBEM) of structural analysis. Its field of application comprises buildings constructions, structures and also parts and components for the residential, commercial and un-inhabitant structures with invariability of physical and geometrical parameters in some dimensions. We should mention here in particular such objects as beams, thin-walled bars, strip foundations, plates, shells, deep beams, high-rise buildings, extensional buildings, pipelines, rails, dams and others. DCBEM comes under group of semianalytical methods. Semianalytical formulations are contemporary mathematical models which currently becoming available for realization due to substantial speed-up of computer productivity. DCBEM is based on the theory of the pseudodifferential boundary equations. Corresponding pseudodifferential operators are discretely approximated using Fourier analysis or wavelet analysis. The main DCBEM advantages against the other methods of the numerical analysis is a double reduction in dimension of the problem (discrete numerical division applied not to the full region of the interest but only to the boundary of the region cross section, as a matter of fact one is solving an one-dimensional problem with the finite step on the boundary area of the region), one has opportunities to carrying out very detailed analysis of the specific chosen zones, simplified initial data preparation, simplistic and adaptive algorithms. There are two methods to define and conduct DCBEM analysis developed – indirect (IDCBEM) and direct (DDCBEM), thus indirect like in boundary element method (BEM) applied and used little bit more than direct.