Urban Agoraphobia: The pursuit of security within confined community ties. Urban-ethnographic analysis on gated housing developments of Guadalajara, Mexico.

  • The Gated Community (GC) phenomenon in Latin American cities has become an inherent element of their urban development, despite academical debate, their approach thrives within the housing market; not surprisingly, as some of the premises on which GCs are based, namely safety, control and supervision intersperse seamlessly with the insecure conditions of the contexts from which they arise. TheThe Gated Community (GC) phenomenon in Latin American cities has become an inherent element of their urban development, despite academical debate, their approach thrives within the housing market; not surprisingly, as some of the premises on which GCs are based, namely safety, control and supervision intersperse seamlessly with the insecure conditions of the contexts from which they arise. The current security crisis in Mexico, triggered in 2006 by the so-called war on drugs, has reached its peak with the highest insecurity rates in decades, representing a unique chance to study these interactions. Although the leading term of this research, Urban Agoraphobia, implies a causal dichotomy between the rise in the sense of fear amongst citizens and housing confinement as lineal consequence, I acknowledge that GCs represent a complex phenomenon, a hub of diverse factors and multidimensional processes held on four fundamental levels: global, social, individual and state-related. The focus of this dissertation is set on the individual plane and contributes, from the analysis of the GC’s resident’s perspective, experiences and perceptions, to a debate that has usually been limited to the scrutiny of other drivers, disregarding the role of dweller’s underlying fears, motivations and concerns. Assuming that the current ruling security model in Mexico tends to empower its commodification rather than its collective quality, this research draws upon the use of a methodological triangulation, along conceptual and contextual analyses, to test the hypothesis that insecurity plays an increasingly major role, leading citizens into the belief that acquiring a household in a controlled and surveilled community represents a counterweight against the feared environment of the open city. The focus of the analysis lies on the internal hatch of community ties as potential palliative for the provision of a sense of security, aiming to transcend the unidimensional discourse of GCs as defined mainly by their defensive apparatus. Residents’ perspectives acquired through ethnographical analyses may provide the chance to gain an essential view into a phenomenon that further consolidates without a critical study of its actual implications, not only for Mexican cities, but also for the Latin American and global contexts.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Document Type:Doctoral Thesis
Author:Architecture & Urbanism Alfredo Ortiz AlvisORCiD
DOI (Cite-Link):https://doi.org/10.25643/bauhaus-universitaet.4723Cite-Link
URN (Cite-Link):https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:gbv:wim2-20221005-47234Cite-Link
Referee:Prof. Dr. Phil. Verónica Livier Díaz NúñezORCiDGND
Advisor:Prof. Dr. Phil. Habil. Max Welch GuerraORCiDGND
Language:English
Date of Publication (online):2022/10/05
Date of first Publication:2022/10/05
Date of final exam:2021/11/30
Release Date:2022/10/05
Publishing Institution:Bauhaus-Universität Weimar
Granting Institution:Bauhaus-Universität Weimar, Fakultät Architektur und Urbanistik [bis 2014 Fakultät Architektur]
Institutes and partner institutions:Fakultät Architektur und Urbanistik [bis 2014 Fakultät Architektur] / Institut für Europäische Urbanistik
Pagenumber:436
Tag:Community; Ethnography; Gated Communities; Segregation; Urban Agoraphobia
GND Keyword:Agoraphobie; Geschlossene Gesellschaft; Volkskunde; Kommunität; Segregation <Soziologie>
Dewey Decimal Classification:100 Philosophie und Psychologie
300 Sozialwissenschaften
BKL-Classification:74 Geographie, Raumordnung, Städtebau
Licence (German):License Logo Creative Commons 4.0 - Namensnennung (CC BY 4.0)