## Internationales Kolloquium über Anwendungen der Informatik und Mathematik in Architektur und Bauwesen, IKM, Weimar, 16. 2003

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- Quaternion (8) (remove)

We show a transformation K which allows us to rewrite the Dirac equation in its covariant form in a purely real quaternionic equation. We discuss how this transformation allows us for obtaining a involutive symmetry of the Dirac equation, as well as one simplification of the traditional vector of currents of the Dirac equation in traditional form. We also show the corresponding quaternionic equation for the problem of charge conjugation in the hole theory, and the quaternionic equation of conservation of currents. Finally, we discuss one decomposition of the quaternionic Dirac operator in two Maxwell's operators corresponding to time-harmonic case in homogeneous media, without sources which surprisingly agrees with the well known relation in quantum mechanics between the frequency ù and the impulse p E=p²c²+m²c, where E denotes the energy.

With the aid of factorization of the Schrödinger operator by quaternionic differential operators of first order proposed in recent works by S. Bernstein and K. Gürlebeck we study the system describing forcefree magnetic fields with nonconstant proportionality factor, the static Maxwell system for inhomogeneous media, the Beltrami condition and the Dirac equation with different types of potentials depending on one variable. We obtain integral representations for solutions of these systems.

In [1] a quaternionic reformulation of the time-harmonic Maxwell equations for chiral media was proposed and used in [2] in order to construct complete systems of quaternionic fundamental solutions convenient for numerical analysis of scattering boundary value problems. In the present contribution we give a quaternionic reformulation of time-dependent Maxwell's equations for chiral media. The Maxwell system is written as a single quaternionic equation. We obtain a fundamental solution of this equation and use it for solving Maxwell's system with sources. This is a joint work with V. V. Kravchenko. [1] Khmelnytskaya, K. V., Kravchenko, V. V. and H. Oviedo: Quaternionic integral representations for electromagnetic fields in chiral media. Telecommunications and Radio Engineering 56 (2001), # 4&5, 53-61. [2]Khmelnytskaya, K. V. , Kravchenko, V. V. and V. S. Rabinovich: Quaternionic Fundamental Solutions for Electromagnetic Scattering Problems and Application. Zeitschrift für Analysis und ihre Anwendungen 22 (2003), 147--166.

Hyperbolic Qp-scales
(2003)

The Qp-scales were first introduced in [1] as interpolation spaces between the Bloch and Dirichlet spaces in the complex space. ... However, such treatment presents the disadvantage of only considering the Euclidean case. In order to obtain an approach to homogeneous hyperbolic manifolds, the projective model of Gel'fand was retaken in [2]. With the help of a convenient fundamental solution for the hyperbolic (homogeneous of degree ®) D® (see [5]) it was introduced in [7] and [3] equivalent Qp scales for homogeneous hyperbolic spaces. In this talk we shall present and study some properties of this hyperbolic scale.

As it is well known, the approximation theory of complex valued functions is one of the main fields in function theory. In general, several aspects of approximation and interpolation are only well understood by using methods of complex analysis. It seems natural to extend these techniques to higher dimensions by using Clifford Analysis methods or, more specific, in lower dimensions 3 or 4, by using tools of quaternionic analysis. One starting point for such attempts has to be the suitable choice of complete orthonormal function systems that should replace the holomorphic function systems used in the complex case. The aim of our contribuition is the construction of a complete orthonormal system of monogenic polynomials derived from a harmonic function system by using sistematically the generalized quaternionic derivative

The conventional way of describing an image is in terms of its canonical pixel-based representation. Other image description techniques are based on image transformations. Such an image transformation converts a canonical image representation into a representation in which specific properties of an image are described more explicitly. In most transformations, images are locally approximated within a window by a linear combination of a number of a priori selected patterns. The coefficients of such a decomposition then provide the desired image representation. The Hermite transform is an image transformation technique introduced by Martens. It uses overlapping Gaussian windows and projects images locally onto a basis of orthogonal polynomials. As the analysis filters needed for the Hermite transform are derivatives of Gaussians, Hermite analysis is in close agreement with the information analysis carried out by the human visual system. In this paper we construct a new higher dimensional Hermite transform within the framework of Quaternionic Analysis. The building blocks for this construction are the Clifford-Hermite polynomials rewritten in terms of Quaternionic analysis. Furthermore, we compare this newly introduced Hermite transform with the Quaternionic-Hermite Continuous Wavelet transform. The Continuous Wavelet transform is a signal analysis technique suitable for non-stationary, inhomogeneous signals for which Fourier analysis is inadequate. Finally the developed three dimensional filter functions of the Quaternionic-Hermite transform are tested with traditional scalar benchmark signals upon their selectivity at detecting pointwise singularities.

Maxwell's equations can be rewritten in terms of a Dirac operator D+a. The advantage is that in this setting Maxwell's equations are treated as a system of first order differential equations. To ensure the uniqueness of a non-homogeneous differential equation in the whole space additional conditions are needed.

After more than hundred years of arguments in favour and against quaternions, of exciting odysseys with new insights as well as disillusions about their usefulness the mathematical world saw in the last 40 years a burst in the application of quaternions and its generalizations in almost all disciplines that are dealing with problems in more than two dimensions. Our aim is to sketch some ideas - necessarily in a very concise and far from being exhaustive manner - which contributed to the picture of the recent development. With the help of some historical reminiscences we firstly try to draw attention to quaternions as a special case of Clifford Algebras which play the role of a unifying language in the Babylon of several different mathematical languages. Secondly, we refer to the use of quaternions as a tool for modelling problems and at the same time for simplifying the algebraic calculus in almost all applied sciences. Finally, we intend to show that quaternions in combination with classical and modern analytic methods are a powerful tool for solving concrete problems thereby giving origin to the development of Quaternionic Analysis and, more general, of Clifford Analysis.