## Internationales Kolloquium über Anwendungen der Informatik und Mathematik in Architektur und Bauwesen, IKM, Weimar, 16. 2003

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- Bruchmechanik (3) (remove)

The paper is about model based parameter identification and damage localization of elastomechanical systems using input and output measurements in the frequency domain. An adaptation of the Projective Input Residual Method to subsystem damage identification is presented. For this purpose the projected residuals were adapted with respect to a given subsystem to be analysed. Based on the gradients of these projected subsystem residuals a damage indicator was introduced which is sensitive to parameter changes and structural damages in this subsystem. Since the computations are done w.r.t. the smaller dimension of a subsystem this indicator shows a computational performance gain compared to the non-subsystem approach. This gain in efficiency makes the indicator applicable in online-monitoring and online-damage-diagnosis where continuous and fast data processing is required. The presented application of the indicator to a gantry robot could illustrate the ability of the indicator to indicate and locate real damage of a complex structure. Since in civil engineering applications the system input is often unknown, further investigations will focus on the output-only case since the generalization of the presented methods to this case will broaden its application spectrum.

In this paper a meshless component is presented, which internally uses the common meshless interpolation technique >Moving Least Squares<. In contrast to usual meshless integration schemes like the cell quadrature and the nodal integration in this study integration zones with triangular geometry spanned by three nodes are used for 2D analysis. The boundary of the structure is defined by boundary nodes, which are similar to finite element nodes. By using the neighborhood relations of the integration zones an efficient search algorithm to detected the nodes in the influence of the integration points was developed. The components are directly coupled with finite elements by using a penalty method. An widely accepted model to describe the fracture behavior of concrete is the >Fictitious Crack Model< which is applied in this study, which differentiates between micro cracks and macro cracks, with and without force transmission over the crack surface, respectively. In this study the crack surface is discretized by node pairs in form of a polygon, which is part of the boundary. To apply the >Fictitious Crack Model< finite interface elements are included between the crack surface nodes. The determination of the maximum principal strain at the crack tip is done by introducing an influence area around the singularity. On a practical example it is shown that the included elements improve the model by the transmission of the surface forces during monotonic loading and by the representation of the contact forces of closed cracks during reverse loading.

A computational strategy that employs a multi-level approach to model the physical phenomena that occur during a structural collapse is used to simulate demolition of a multi-story precast concrete building. The building is modeled by means of beam elements, whose rigidity relations have been derived from a fracture mechanics-based model of cracked RC panels and joints. The motion and deformation of the collapsing building are solved as a transient dynamic problem in the finite displacements/ rotations range. The presented approach appears as an efficient way to verify whether a proposed demolition method leads to the desired mechanism of building collapse. By simulating various blasting scenarios, the most suitable demolition procedure is identified.