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Salt frost attack on concrete: the combined effect of cryogenic suction and chloride binding on ice formation

  • Scaling of concrete due to salt frost attack is an important durability issue in moderate and cold climates. The actual damage mechanism is still not completely understood. Two recent damage theories—the glue spall theory and the cryogenic suction theory—offer plausible, but conflicting explanations for the salt frost scaling mechanism. The present study deals with the cryogenic suction theory,Scaling of concrete due to salt frost attack is an important durability issue in moderate and cold climates. The actual damage mechanism is still not completely understood. Two recent damage theories—the glue spall theory and the cryogenic suction theory—offer plausible, but conflicting explanations for the salt frost scaling mechanism. The present study deals with the cryogenic suction theory, which assumes that freezing concrete can take up unfrozen brine from a partly frozen deicing solution during salt frost attack. According to the model hypothesis, the resulting saturation of the concrete surface layer intensifies the ice formation in this layer and causes salt frost scaling. In this study an experimental technique was developed that makes it possible to quantify to which extent brine uptake can increase ice formation in hardened cement paste (used as a model material for concrete). The experiments were carried out with low temperature differential scanning calorimetry, where specimens were subjected to freeze–thaw cycles while being in contact with NaCl brine. Results showed that the ice content in the specimens increased with subsequent freeze–thaw cycles due to the brine uptake at temperatures below 0 °C. The ability of the hardened cement paste to bind chlorides from the absorbed brine at the same time affected the freezing/melting behavior of the pore solution and the magnitude of the ice content.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Document Type:Article
Author: Matthias MüllerORCiD, Prof. Dr.-Ing. Horst-Michael LudwigGND, Marianne Tange HasholtORCiD
DOI (Cite-Link):https://doi.org/10.1617/s11527-021-01779-7Cite-Link
URN (Cite-Link):https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:gbv:wim2-20211207-45392Cite-Link
URL:https://link.springer.com/article/10.1617/s11527-021-01779-7
Parent Title (English):Materials and Structures
Language:English
Date of Publication (online):2021/12/01
Date of first Publication:2021/09/09
Release Date:2021/12/07
Publishing Institution:Bauhaus-Universität Weimar
Institutes and partner institutions:Fakultät Bauingenieurwesen / Professur Werkstoffe des Bauens
Volume:2021
Issue:issue 54, article 189
Pagenumber:16
First Page:1
Last Page:16
Tag:Beton; Frostangriff; chloride binding; cryogenic suction; salt frost attack
GND Keyword:Beton; Frost
Dewey Decimal Classification:600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 620 Ingenieurwissenschaften
BKL-Classification:51 Werkstoffkunde / 51.30 Werkstoffprüfung, Werkstoffuntersuchung
Licence (German):License Logo Creative Commons 4.0 - Namensnennung (CC BY 4.0)