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FORM-ACTIVITY-MOVEMENT INTERACTION MODEL

  • This dissertation investigates the interactions between urban form, allocation of activities, and pedestrian movement in the context of urban planning. The ability to assess the long-term impact of urban planning decisions on what people do and how they get there is of central importance, with various disciplines addressing this topic. This study focuses on approaches proposed by urbanThis dissertation investigates the interactions between urban form, allocation of activities, and pedestrian movement in the context of urban planning. The ability to assess the long-term impact of urban planning decisions on what people do and how they get there is of central importance, with various disciplines addressing this topic. This study focuses on approaches proposed by urban morphologists, urban economists, and transportation planners, each aiming the attention at a different part of the form-activity-movement interaction. Even though there is no doubt about the advantages of these highly focused approaches, it remains unclear what is the cost of ignoring the effect of some interactions while considering others. The general aim of this dissertation is to empirically test the validity of the individual models and quantify the impact of this isolationist approach on their precision and bias. For this purpose, we propose a joined form-activity-movement interaction model and conduct an empirical study in Weimar, Germany. We estimate how the urban form and activities affect movement as well as how movement and urban form affect activities. By estimating these effects in isolation and simultaneously, we assess the bias of the individual models. On the one hand, the empirical study results confirm the significance of all interactions suggested by the individual models. On the other hand, we were able to show that when these interactions are estimated in isolation, the resulting predictions are biased. To conclude, we do not question the knowledge brought by transportation planners, urban morphologists, and urban economists. However, we argue that it might be of little use on its own. We see the relevance of this study as being twofold. On the one hand, we proposed a novel methodological framework for the simultaneous estimation of the form-activity-movement interactions. On the other hand, we provide empirical evidence about the strengths and limitations of current approaches.show moreshow less

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Document Type:Doctoral Thesis
Author: Martin BielikORCiD
DOI (Cite-Link):https://doi.org/10.25643/bauhaus-universitaet.4397Cite-Link
URN (Cite-Link):https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:gbv:wim2-20210407-43970Cite-Link
Referee:Assist. Prof. Dr. Pirouz NourianORCiD, Prof. Dr. Uwe Plank-Wiedenbeck, Prof. Dr. Bernd NentwigGND
Advisor:Vertr.-Prof. Dr. Sven SchneiderGND
Language:English
Date of Publication (online):2021/04/01
Date of first Publication:2021/04/01
Date of final exam:2021/02/22
Release Date:2021/04/07
Publishing Institution:Bauhaus-Universität Weimar
Granting Institution:Bauhaus-Universität Weimar, Fakultät Architektur und Urbanistik [bis 2014 Fakultät Architektur]
Institutes and partner institutions:Fakultät Architektur und Urbanistik [bis 2014 Fakultät Architektur] / Professur Informatik in der Architektur
Pagenumber:269
GND Keyword:Stadtplanung
Dewey Decimal Classification:600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften
BKL-Classification:74 Geographie, Raumordnung, Städtebau
Licence (German):License Logo Creative Commons 4.0 - Namensnennung (CC BY 4.0)