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Examining Trade-Offs between Social, Psychological, and Energy Potential of Urban Form

  • Urban planners are often challenged with the task of developing design solutions which must meet multiple, and often contradictory, criteria. In this paper, we investigated the trade-offs between social, psychological, and energy potential of the fundamental elements of urban form: the street network and the building massing. Since formal mehods to evaluate urban form from the psychological andUrban planners are often challenged with the task of developing design solutions which must meet multiple, and often contradictory, criteria. In this paper, we investigated the trade-offs between social, psychological, and energy potential of the fundamental elements of urban form: the street network and the building massing. Since formal mehods to evaluate urban form from the psychological and social point of view are not readily available, we developed a methodological framework to quantify these criteria as the first contribution in this paper. To evaluate the psychological potential, we conducted a three-tiered empirical study starting from real world environments and then abstracting them to virtual environments. In each context, the implicit (physiological) response and explicit (subjective) response of pedestrians were measured. To quantify the social potential, we developed a street network centrality-based measure of social accessibility. For the energy potential, we created an energy model to analyze the impact of pure geometric form on the energy demand of the building stock. The second contribution of this work is a method to identify distinct clusters of urban form and, for each, explore the trade-offs between the select design criteria. We applied this method to two case studies identifying nine types of urban form and their respective potential trade-offs, which are directly applicable for the assessment of strategic decisions regarding urban form during the early planning stages.show moreshow less

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    Gefördert durch das Programm Open Access Publizieren der DFG und den Publikationsfonds der Bauhaus-Universität Weimar.

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Document Type:Article
Author: Martin BielikORCiD, Sven SchneiderGND, Saskia Kuliga, Danielle GriegoORCiD, Varun Ojha, Reinhard KönigORCiDGND, Gerhard Schmitt, Dirk Donath
DOI (Cite-Link):https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi8020052Cite-Link
URN (Cite-Link):https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:gbv:wim2-20190408-38695Cite-Link
URL:https://www.mdpi.com/2220-9964/8/2/52
Parent Title (English):ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information
Editor: Bernd Resch, Michael Szell
Language:English
Date of Publication (online):2019/01/24
Date of first Publication:2019/01/24
Release Date:2019/04/08
Publishing Institution:Bauhaus-Universität Weimar
Institutes:Fakultät Architektur und Urbanistik [bis 2014 Fakultät Architektur] / bauhaus.institut für experimentelle architektur
Volume:2019
Last Page:Volume 8, Issue 2, 52
Tag:energy demand; social accessibility; trade-offs; urban form; urban perception
GND Keyword:Planung
Dewey Decimal Classification:000 Informatik, Informationswissenschaft, allgemeine Werke
600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften
BKL-Classification:74 Geographie, Raumordnung, Städtebau
Open Access Publikationsfonds:Open-Access-Publikationsfonds 2019
Licence (German):License Logo Creative Commons 4.0 - Namensnennung (CC BY 4.0)