Abolish! Against the Use of Risk Assessment Algorithms at Sentencing in the US Criminal Justice System

  • In this article, I show why it is necessary to abolish the use of predictive algorithms in the US criminal justice system at sentencing. After presenting the functioning of these algorithms in their context of emergence, I offer three arguments to demonstrate why their abolition is imperative. First, I show that sentencing based on predictive algorithms induces a process of rewriting theIn this article, I show why it is necessary to abolish the use of predictive algorithms in the US criminal justice system at sentencing. After presenting the functioning of these algorithms in their context of emergence, I offer three arguments to demonstrate why their abolition is imperative. First, I show that sentencing based on predictive algorithms induces a process of rewriting the temporality of the judged individual, flattening their life into a present inescapably doomed by its past. Second, I demonstrate that recursive processes, comprising predictive algorithms and the decisions based on their predictions, systematically suppress outliers and progressively transform reality to match predictions. In my third and final argument, I show that decisions made on the basis of predictive algorithms actively perform a biopolitical understanding of justice as management and modulation of risks. In such a framework, justice becomes a means to maintain a perverse social homeostasis that systematically exposes disenfranchised Black and Brown populations to risk.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Document Type:Article
Author:Dr. Katia SchwerzmannORCiDGND
DOI (Cite-Link):https://doi.org/10.1007/s13347-021-00491-2Cite-Link
URN (Cite-Link):https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:gbv:wim2-20211207-45417Cite-Link
URL:https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13347-021-00491-2
Parent Title (English):Philosophy & Technology
Language:English
Date of Publication (online):2021/12/02
Date of first Publication:2021/11/23
Release Date:2021/12/07
Publishing Institution:Bauhaus-Universität Weimar
Institutes and partner institutions:Fakultät Medien / GRAMA, Graduiertenkolleg Medienanthropologie
Volume:2021
Pagenumber:22
First Page:1
Last Page:22
Tag:biopolitics; criminal justice; cybernetics; predictive algorithms; social justice
GND Keyword:Biopolitik; Soziale Gerechtigkeit; Algorithmus
Dewey Decimal Classification:100 Philosophie und Psychologie / 190 Neuzeitliche westliche Philosophie
BKL-Classification:08 Philosophie / 08.45 Politische Philosophie
Licence (German):License Logo Creative Commons 4.0 - Namensnennung (CC BY 4.0)