The Role of Urban Morphology Design on Enhancing Physical Activity and Public Health

  • Along with environmental pollution, urban planning has been connected to public health. The research indicates that the quality of built environments plays an important role in reducing mental disorders and overall health. The structure and shape of the city are considered as one of the factors influencing happiness and health in urban communities and the type of the daily activities of citizens.Along with environmental pollution, urban planning has been connected to public health. The research indicates that the quality of built environments plays an important role in reducing mental disorders and overall health. The structure and shape of the city are considered as one of the factors influencing happiness and health in urban communities and the type of the daily activities of citizens. The aim of this study was to promote physical activity in the main structure of the city via urban design in a way that the main form and morphology of the city can encourage citizens to move around and have physical activity within the city. Functional, physical, cultural-social, and perceptual-visual features are regarded as the most important and effective criteria in increasing physical activities in urban spaces, based on literature review. The environmental quality of urban spaces and their role in the physical activities of citizens in urban spaces were assessed by using the questionnaire tool and analytical network process (ANP) of structural equation modeling. Further, the space syntax method was utilized to evaluate the role of the spatial integration of urban spaces on improving physical activities. Based on the results, consideration of functional diversity, spatial flexibility and integration, security, and the aesthetic and visual quality of urban spaces plays an important role in improving the physical health of citizens in urban spaces. Further, more physical activities, including motivation for walking and the sense of public health and happiness, were observed in the streets having higher linkage and space syntax indexes with their surrounding texture.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Document Type:Article
Author: Sadegh Fathi, Hassan SajadzadehORCiD, Faezeh Mohammadi Sheshkal, Farshid AramORCiD, Gergo Pinter, Imre Felde, Amir MosaviORCiD
DOI (Cite-Link):https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072359Cite-Link
URN (Cite-Link):https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:gbv:wim2-20200402-41225Cite-Link
URL:https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/17/7/2359
Parent Title (English):International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Publisher:MDPI
Place of publication:Basel
Language:English
Date of Publication (online):2020/03/31
Date of first Publication:2020/03/31
Release Date:2020/04/02
Publishing Institution:Bauhaus-Universität Weimar
Institutes:Fakultät Bauingenieurwesen / Institut für Strukturmechanik
Volume:2020
Issue:Volume 17, Issue 7, 2359
Pagenumber:29
Tag:health; physical activities; public health; public space; smart cities; sustainability; urban health; urban morphology
GND Keyword:Morphologie; Gesundheitswesen; Intelligente Stadt; Nachhaltigkeit; Gesundheitsinformationssystem
Dewey Decimal Classification:500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik
BKL-Classification:06 Information und Dokumentation / 06.35 Informationsmanagement
Licence (German):License Logo Creative Commons 4.0 - Namensnennung (CC BY 4.0)