TY - CHAP
A1 - Tan, Fengjie
A1 - Lahmer, Tom
A1 - Siddappa, Manju Gyaraganahalll
ED - Gürlebeck, Klaus
ED - Lahmer, Tom
T1 - SECTION OPTIMIZATION AND RELIABILITY ANALYSIS OF ARCH-TYPE DAMS INCLUDING COUPLED MECHANICAL-THERMAL AND HYDRAULIC FIELDS
T2 - Digital Proceedings, International Conference on the Applications of Computer Science and Mathematics in Architecture and Civil Engineering : July 20 - 22 2015, Bauhaus-University Weimar
N2 - From the design experiences of arch dams in the past, it has significant practical value to carry out the shape optimization of arch dams, which can fully make use of material characteristics and reduce the cost of constructions. Suitable variables need to be chosen to formulate the objective function, e.g. to minimize the total volume of the arch dam. Additionally a series of constraints are derived and a reasonable and convenient penalty function has been formed, which can easily enforce the characteristics of constraints and optimal design. For the optimization method, a Genetic Algorithm is adopted to perform a global search. Simultaneously, ANSYS is used to do the mechanical analysis under the coupling of thermal and hydraulic loads. One of the constraints of the newly designed dam is to fulfill requirements on the structural safety. Therefore, a reliability analysis is applied to offer a good decision supporting for matters concerning predictions of both safety and service life of the arch dam. By this, the key factors which would influence the stability and safety of arch dam significantly can be acquired, and supply a good way to take preventive measures to prolong ate the service life of an arch dam and enhances the safety of structure.
KW - Angewandte Informatik
KW - Angewandte Mathematik
KW - Building Information Modeling
KW - Computerunterstütztes Verfahren
KW - Data, information and knowledge modeling in civil engineering; Function theoretic methods and PDE in engineering sciences; Mathematical methods for (robotics and) computer vision; Numerical modeling in engineering; Optimization in engineering applications
Y1 - 2015
U6 - http://nbn-resolving.de/urn/resolver.pl?urn:nbn:de:gbv:wim2-20170314-28212
SN - 1611-4086
ER -
TY - CHAP
A1 - Nguyen-Tuan, Long
A1 - Lahmer, Tom
A1 - Datcheva, Maria
A1 - Stoimenova, Eugenia
A1 - Schanz, Tom
ED - Gürlebeck, Klaus
ED - Lahmer, Tom
T1 - PARAMETER IDENTIFICATION APPLYING IN COMPLEX THERMO-HYDRO-MECHANICAL PROBLEMS LIKE THE DESIGN OF BUFFER ELEMENTS
T2 - Digital Proceedings, International Conference on the Applications of Computer Science and Mathematics in Architecture and Civil Engineering : July 20 - 22 2015, Bauhaus-University Weimar
N2 - This study contributes to the identification of coupled THM constitutive model parameters via back analysis against information-rich experiments. A sampling based back analysis approach is proposed comprising both the model parameter identification and the assessment of the reliability of identified model parameters. The results obtained in the context of buffer elements indicate that sensitive parameter estimates generally obey the normal distribution. According to the sensitivity of the parameters and the probability distribution of the samples we can provide confidence intervals for the estimated parameters and thus allow a qualitative estimation on the identified parameters which are in future work used as inputs for prognosis computations of buffer elements. These elements play e.g. an important role in the design of nuclear waste repositories.
KW - Angewandte Informatik
KW - Angewandte Mathematik
KW - Building Information Modeling
KW - Computerunterstütztes Verfahren
KW - Data, information and knowledge modeling in civil engineering; Function theoretic methods and PDE in engineering sciences; Mathematical methods for (robotics and) computer vision; Numerical modeling in engineering; Optimization in engineering applications
Y1 - 2015
U6 - http://nbn-resolving.de/urn/resolver.pl?urn:nbn:de:gbv:wim2-20170314-28162
SN - 1611-4086
ER -
TY - CHAP
ED - Gürlebeck, Klaus
ED - Lahmer, Tom
T1 - International Conference on the Applications of Computer Science and Mathematics in Architecture and Civil Engineering : July 20 - 22 2015, Bauhaus-University Weimar
T1 - Internationales Kolloquium über Anwendungen der Informatik und Mathematik in Architektur und Bauwesen : 20. bis 22.7. 2015, Bauhaus-Universität Weimar
T2 - Digital Proceedings, International Conference on the Applications of Computer Science and Mathematics in Architecture and Civil Engineering : July 20 - 22 2015, Bauhaus-University Weimar
N2 - The 20th International Conference on the Applications of Computer Science and Mathematics in Architecture and Civil Engineering will be held at the Bauhaus University Weimar from 20th till 22nd July 2015. Architects, computer scientists, mathematicians, and engineers from all over the world will meet in Weimar for an interdisciplinary exchange of experiences, to report on their results in research, development and practice and to discuss. The conference covers a broad range of research areas: numerical analysis, function theoretic methods, partial differential equations, continuum mechanics, engineering applications, coupled problems, computer sciences, and related topics. Several plenary lectures in aforementioned areas will take place during the conference.
We invite architects, engineers, designers, computer scientists, mathematicians, planners, project managers, and software developers from business, science and research to participate in the conference!
KW - Angewandte Informatik
KW - Angewandte Mathematik
KW - Computerunterstütztes Verfahren
KW - Building Information Modeling
KW - Optimization in engineering applications
KW - Data, information and knowledge modeling in civil engineering
KW - Function theoretic methods and PDE in engineering sciences
KW - Mathematical methods for (robotics and) computer vision
KW - Numerical modeling in engineering
Y1 - 2015
U6 - http://nbn-resolving.de/urn/resolver.pl?urn:nbn:de:gbv:wim2-20150828-24515
SN - 1611-4086
ER -
TY - CHAP
A1 - Jaouadi, Zouhour
A1 - Lahmer, Tom
ED - Gürlebeck, Klaus
ED - Lahmer, Tom
T1 - Topology optimization of structures subjected to multiple load cases by introducing the Epsilon constraint method
T2 - Digital Proceedings, International Conference on the Applications of Computer Science and Mathematics in Architecture and Civil Engineering : July 20 - 22 2015, Bauhaus-University Weimar
N2 - A topology optimization method has been developed for structures subjected to multiple load cases (Example of a bridge pier subjected to wind loads, traffic, superstructure...). We formulate the problem as a multi-criterial optimization problem, where the compliance is computed for each load case. Then, the Epsilon constraint method (method proposed by Chankong and Haimes, 1971) is adapted. The strategy of this method is based on the concept of minimizing the maximum compliance resulting from the critical load case while the other remaining compliances are considered in the constraints. In each iteration, the compliances of all load cases are computed and only the maximum one is minimized. The topology optimization process is switching from one load to another according to the variation of the resulting compliance. In this work we will motivate and explain the proposed methodology and provide some numerical examples.
KW - Angewandte Informatik
KW - Angewandte Mathematik
KW - Building Information Modeling
KW - Computerunterstütztes Verfahren
KW - Data, information and knowledge modeling in civil engineering; Function theoretic methods and PDE in engineering sciences; Mathematical methods for (robotics and) computer vision; Numerical modeling in engineering; Optimization in engineering applications
Y1 - 2015
U6 - http://nbn-resolving.de/urn/resolver.pl?urn:nbn:de:gbv:wim2-20170314-28042
SN - 1611-4086
ER -
TY - CHAP
A1 - Ahmad, Sofyan
A1 - Zabel, Volkmar
A1 - Könke, Carsten
T1 - WAVELET-BASED INDICATORS FOR RESPONSE SURFACE MODELS IN DAMAGE IDENTIFICATION OF STRUCTURES
T2 - Digital Proceedings, International Conference on the Applications of Computer Science and Mathematics in Architecture and Civil Engineering : July 04 - 06 2012, Bauhaus-University Weimar
N2 - In this paper, wavelet energy damage indicator is used in response surface methodology to identify the damage in simulated filler beam railway bridge. The approximate model is addressed to include the operational and surrounding condition in the assessment. The procedure is split into two stages, the training and detecting phase. During training phase, a so-called response surface is built from training data using polynomial regression and radial basis function approximation approaches. The response surface is used to detect the damage in structure during detection phase. The results show that the response surface model is able to detect moderate damage in one of bridge supports while the temperatures and train velocities are varied.
KW - Angewandte Mathematik
KW - Computerunterstütztes Verfahren
KW - Angewandte Informatik
Y1 - 2012
U6 - http://nbn-resolving.de/urn/resolver.pl?urn:nbn:de:gbv:wim2-20170306-27588
SN - 1611-4086
ER -
TY - CHAP
A1 - Nguyen-Thanh, Nhon
A1 - Rabczuk, Timon
ED - Gürlebeck, Klaus
ED - Könke, Carsten
T1 - A SMOOTHED FINITE ELEMENT METHOD FOR THE STATIC AND FREE VIBRATION ANALYSIS OF SHELLS
N2 - A four-node quadrilateral shell element with smoothed membrane-bending based on Mindlin-Reissner theory is proposed. The element is a combination of a plate bending and membrane element. It is based on mixed interpolation where the bending and membrane stiffness matrices are calculated on the boundaries of the smoothing cells while the shear terms are approximated by independent interpolation functions in natural coordinates. The proposed element is robust, computationally inexpensive and free of locking. Since the integration is done on the element boundaries for the bending and membrane terms, the element is more accurate than the MITC4 element for distorted meshes. This will be demonstrated for several numerical examples.
KW - Angewandte Informatik
KW - Angewandte Mathematik
KW - Architektur
KW - Computerunterstütztes Verfahren
KW - Computer Science Models in Engineering; Multiscale and Multiphysical Models; Scientific Computing
Y1 - 2010
U6 - http://nbn-resolving.de/urn/resolver.pl?urn:nbn:de:gbv:wim2-20170314-28777
UR - http://euklid.bauing.uni-weimar.de/ikm2009/paper.html
SN - 1611-4086
ER -
TY - CHAP
A1 - Unger, Jörg F.
A1 - Könke, Carsten
ED - Gürlebeck, Klaus
ED - Könke, Carsten
T1 - PARAMETER IDENTIFICATION OF MESOSCALE MODELS FROM MACROSCOPIC TESTS USING BAYESIAN NEURAL NETWORKS
N2 - In this paper, a parameter identification procedure using Bayesian neural networks is proposed. Based on a training set of numerical simulations, where the material parameters are simulated in a predefined range using Latin Hypercube sampling, a Bayesian neural network, which has been extended to describe the noise of multiple outputs using a full covariance matrix, is trained to approximate the inverse relation from the experiment (displacements, forces etc.) to the material parameters. The method offers not only the possibility to determine the parameters itself, but also the accuracy of the estimate and the correlation between these parameters. As a result, a set of experiments can be designed to calibrate a numerical model.
KW - Angewandte Informatik
KW - Angewandte Mathematik
KW - Architektur
KW - Computerunterstütztes Verfahren
KW - Computer Science Models in Engineering; Multiscale and Multiphysical Models; Scientific Computing
Y1 - 2010
U6 - http://nbn-resolving.de/urn/resolver.pl?urn:nbn:de:gbv:wim2-20170314-28984
UR - http://euklid.bauing.uni-weimar.de/ikm2009/paper.html
SN - 1611-4086
ER -
TY - CHAP
A1 - Eckardt, Stefan
A1 - Könke, Carsten
ED - Gürlebeck, Klaus
ED - Könke, Carsten
T1 - ENERGY RELEASE CONTROL FOR NONLINEAR MESOSCALE SIMULATIONS
N2 - In nonlinear simulations the loading is, in general, applied in an incremental way. Path-following algorithms are used to trace the equilibrium path during the failure process. Standard displacement controlled solution strategies fail if snap-back phenomena occur. In this contribution, a path-following algorithm based on the dissipation of the inelastic energy is presented which allows for the simulation of snap-backs. Since the constraint is defined in terms of the internal energy, the algorithm is not restricted to continuum damage models. Furthermore, no a priori knowledge about the final damage distribution is required. The performance of the proposed algorithm is illustrated using nonlinear mesoscale simulations.
KW - Angewandte Informatik
KW - Angewandte Mathematik
KW - Architektur
KW - Computerunterstütztes Verfahren
KW - Computer Science Models in Engineering; Multiscale and Multiphysical Models; Scientific Computing
Y1 - 2010
U6 - http://nbn-resolving.de/urn/resolver.pl?urn:nbn:de:gbv:wim2-20170314-28414
UR - http://euklid.bauing.uni-weimar.de/ikm2009/paper.html
SN - 1611-4086
ER -
TY - CHAP
A1 - Häfner, Stefan
A1 - Vogel, Frank
A1 - Könke, Carsten
ED - Gürlebeck, Klaus
ED - Könke, Carsten
T1 - FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS OF TORSION FOR ARBITRARY CROSS-SECTIONS
N2 - The present article proposes an alternative way to compute the torsional stiffness based on three-dimensional continuum mechanics instead of applying a specific theory of torsion. A thin, representative beam slice is discretized by solid finite elements. Adequate boundary conditions and coupling conditions are integrated into the numerical model to obtain a proper answer on the torsion behaviour, thus on shear center, shear stress and torsional stiffness. This finite element approach only includes general assumptions of beam torsion which are independent of cross-section geometry. These assumptions essentially are: no in-plane deformation, constant torsion and free warping. Thus it is possible to achieve numerical solutions of high accuracy for arbitrary cross-sections. Due to the direct link to three-dimensional continuum mechanics, it is possible to extend the range of torsion analysis to sections which are composed of different materials or even to heterogeneous beams on a high scale of resolution. A brief study follows to validate the implementation and results are compared to analytical solutions.
KW - Angewandte Informatik
KW - Angewandte Mathematik
KW - Architektur
KW - Computerunterstütztes Verfahren
KW - Computer Science Models in Engineering; Multiscale and Multiphysical Models; Scientific Computing
Y1 - 2010
U6 - http://nbn-resolving.de/urn/resolver.pl?urn:nbn:de:gbv:wim2-20170314-28483
UR - http://euklid.bauing.uni-weimar.de/ikm2009/paper.html
SN - 1611-4086
ER -
TY - CHAP
A1 - Schrader, Kai
A1 - Könke, Carsten
ED - Gürlebeck, Klaus
ED - Könke, Carsten
T1 - SPARSE APPROXIMATE COMPUTATION OF SADDLE POINT PROBLEMS ARISING FROM FETI-DP DISCRETIZATION
N2 - The numerical simulation of microstructure models in 3D requires, due to enormous d.o.f., significant resources of memory as well as parallel computational power. Compared to homogeneous materials, the material hetrogeneity on microscale induced by different material phases demand for adequate computational methods for discretization and solution process of the resulting highly nonlinear problem. To enable an efficient/scalable solution process of the linearized equation systems the heterogeneous FE problem will be described by a FETI-DP (Finite Element Tearing and Interconnecting - Dual Primal) discretization. The fundamental FETI-DP equation can be solved by a number of different approaches. In our approach the FETI-DP problem will be reformulated as Saddle Point system, by eliminating the primal and Lagrangian variables. For the reduced Saddle Point system, only defined by interior and dual variables, special Uzawa algorithms can be adapted for iteratively solving the FETI-DP saddle-point equation system (FETI-DP SPE). A conjugate gradient version of the Uzawa algorithm will be shown as well as some numerical tests regarding to FETI-DP discretization of small examples using the presented solution technique. Furthermore the inversion of the interior-dual Schur complement operator can be approximated using different techniques building an adequate preconditioning matrix and therewith leading to substantial gains in computing time efficiency.
KW - Angewandte Informatik
KW - Angewandte Mathematik
KW - Architektur
KW - Computerunterstütztes Verfahren
KW - Computer Science Models in Engineering; Multiscale and Multiphysical Models; Scientific Computing
Y1 - 2010
U6 - http://nbn-resolving.de/urn/resolver.pl?urn:nbn:de:gbv:wim2-20170314-28874
UR - http://euklid.bauing.uni-weimar.de/ikm2009/paper.html
SN - 1611-4086
ER -
TY - CHAP
A1 - Brehm, Maik
A1 - Zabel, Volkmar
A1 - Bucher, Christian
A1 - Ribeiro, D.
ED - Gürlebeck, Klaus
ED - Könke, Carsten
T1 - AN AUTOMATIC MODE SELECTION STRATEGY FOR MODEL UPDATING USING THE MODAL ASSURANCE CRITERION AND MODAL STRAIN ENERGIES
N2 - In the context of finite element model updating using vibration test data, natural frequencies and mode shapes are used as validation criteria. Consequently, the order of natural frequencies and mode shapes is important. As only limited spatial information is available and noise is present in the measurements, the automatic selection of the most likely numerical mode shape corresponding to a measured mode shape is a difficult task. The most common criterion to indicate corresponding mode shapes is the modal assurance criterion. Unfortunately, this criterion fails in certain cases. In this paper, the pure mathematical modal assurance criterion will be enhanced by additional physical information of the numerical model in terms of modal strain energies. A numerical example and a benchmark study with real measured data are presented to show the advantages of the enhanced energy based criterion in comparison to the traditional modal assurance criterion.
KW - Angewandte Informatik
KW - Angewandte Mathematik
KW - Architektur
KW - Computerunterstütztes Verfahren
KW - Computer Science Models in Engineering; Multiscale and Multiphysical Models; Scientific Computing
Y1 - 2010
U6 - http://nbn-resolving.de/urn/resolver.pl?urn:nbn:de:gbv:wim2-20170314-28330
UR - http://euklid.bauing.uni-weimar.de/ikm2009/paper.html
SN - 1611-4086
ER -
TY - CHAP
A1 - Itam, Zarina
ED - Gürlebeck, Klaus
ED - Könke, Carsten
T1 - NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF THERMO-HYGRAL ALKALI-SILICA REACTION MODEL IN CONCRETE AT THE MESOSCALE
N2 - This research aims to model Alkali-Silica Reaction gel expansion in concrete under the influence of hygral and thermal loading, based on experimental results. ASR provokes a heterogeneous expansion in concrete leading to dimensional changes and eventually the premature failure of the concrete structure. This can result in map cracking on the concrete surface which will decrease the concrete stiffness. Factors that influence ASR are parameters such as the cement alkalinity, the number of deleterious silica from the aggregate used, concrete porosity, and external factors like temperature, humidity and external source of alkali from ingression of deicing salts. Uncertainties of the influential factors make ASR a difficult phenomenon to solve; hence my approach to this matter is to solve the problem using stochastic modelling, where a numerical simulation of concrete cross-section with integration of experimental results from Finger-Institute for Building Materials Science at the Bauhaus-Universität Weimar. The problem is formulated as a multi-field problem, combining heat transfer, fluid transfer and the reaction rate model with the mechanical stress field. Simulation is performed as a mesoscale model considering aggregates and mortar matrix. The reaction rate model will be conducted using experimental results from concrete expansions due to ASR gained from concrete prism tests. Expansive strains values for transient environmental conditions due to the reaction rate will be determined from calculation based on the reaction rate model. Results from these models will be able to predict the rate of ASR expansion and the cracking propagation that may arise.
KW - Angewandte Informatik
KW - Angewandte Mathematik
KW - Architektur
KW - Computerunterstütztes Verfahren
KW - Computer Science Models in Engineering; Multiscale and Multiphysical Models; Scientific Computing
Y1 - 2010
U6 - http://nbn-resolving.de/urn/resolver.pl?urn:nbn:de:gbv:wim2-20170314-28536
UR - http://euklid.bauing.uni-weimar.de/ikm2009/paper.html
SN - 1611-4086
ER -